Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 2.0, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The Eastern enlargement of the European Union in 2004 alongside the accession in 2007 of Bulgaria and Romania into the European Union has paved way for a historical shift of the Union , emergence of new borders, and emergence of new relations and policies towards new neighbours. Despite the fact that the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) might be considered as a foreign policy instrument, what seems unknown and less considered is the cost of relationship, intent of the European Union (EU) in relations with new members, interest of both sides, security and stability alongside economic and democratic space. The ENP consolidates the opinion that the limits of Europe is increasingly evasive; the thesis therefore aims at considering or analyzing the EU relations in the view of its implications stemming from the ENP policy toward Ukraine as a member of the ENP.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, University of Flensburg (European Studies), course: Seminar: 'World Economic Policy', language: English, abstract: The main goal of Development Economics is to find the reasons for the rather big differences in levels of income throughout the world. Why, for instance, did European nations after the eighteenth century develop faster than Asian, African or Latin American nations and what can be done to reduce the so caused differences in income and growth?1 In recent years, many economists used institutions to explain why structural adjustment programs in poor countries have failed so far. Not the programs itself, so the tenor, but the lack of 'good institutions' has been blamed for the failure of many developing countries to catch up. In this paper, the current institution centered orthodoxy in development economics will be discussed from a critical point of view. In the first part, different strands of development theory will be reviewed. Secondly, the reasons for the prominence of New Institutional Economics will be analyzed. Finally, it will be discussed, if the institutional approach is holding its promises and if it is useful to focus on the institutional variable to explain economical development.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: 2,0, University of Flensburg (International Institute for Management), course: European Ideas, language: English, abstract: If one explores the concept of scientific rationality as it was developed from Aristotle on over Thomas Aquinas to Ludwig Wittgenstein and beyond, one is surprised by the discovery that as all schools or approaches reflecting on knowledge, also the concept of scientific rationality is less a solid set of rules, but more a contested battleground of ideas. What are the conditions of scientific rationality? Is there scientific truth or certainty? Is there something or somebody beyond the boundaries of knowledge? What has Immanuel Kant in stock to contribute to answering these questions? That is the topic addressed in this paper: An outline of Kant¿s concept of knowledge and a deriving theory of science with a backcloth of recent contributions of contemporary scientists, representing the current situation in this discussion. Kant and his thoughts on that matter are not the least suitable for depiction by the fact that his work undertook the mission to sooth the antagonism of rationalism and empiricism in his time which led not only to a synthesis, but to a re-assessment or even transformation of the respective theory as such.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: A, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: European Union consists of a unique integration model not only due to the long term and ongoing process but also because of the Institutions and regulations under 27 Member States, which attempt to comprise and mostly to harmonize the national laws. Especially after Maastricht Treaty, when the supranational building of the EU was introduced plenty of reforms had introduced in order to increase from the one hand the effectiveness of the complicated and bureaucratic body of EU and from the other hand to control the way that European Union and the individual Member States function in a more effective and productive way. After the adoption of a single currency- the Euro- for sixteen of the Members of the EU in parallel of the important enlargement the structural body of the EU became even more complicated that needed the consistent control whether structural reforms had to be introduced in order the effective function of the EU was to be assured. Under these circumstances, the financial sector is of the greatest importance within the EU as it is -so far- the basement of the integration model and consists of the guardian of deepening integration within the EU. Therefore, the supervision and the reforms in financial services within EU has increased dramatically from 1993, after the Maastricht Treaty and the introduction of supranationality, through 2004-with the great Eastern enlargement and finally until now that the current financial crisis consisted a shock for EU, that attempted to implement new measures and to establish institutional changes in order to supervise the financial sector effectively in a long term.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, University of Flensburg, course: Course 'European Governance', language: English, abstract: The concepts of governance have the advantage of including the informal aspect of decision-making into their scope of analysis. The intention of this paper is the application of a fitting conceptual derivative of governance on the decision making process inside the institutional framework of the Commission of the European Union. The notion to be tested is the one of the Commission being by its institutional heritage inclined to promulgation of consensus among its principal actors, the members of the college of Commissioners. So what kind of governance might be characteristic for the Commission?The political setting is that of the European Union, which is on the one hand an intergovernmental organization of member states on equal terms, but on the other hand a political institution. Apart from partly being established on a supra-national echelon, which is rationally designed and controlled for the purpose action and intervention to foster economic prosperity and integration in accordance with the concepts of functional and rational-choice institutionalism characteristic for social and political institutions of modernity. As the EU is itself an extension of the mostly politically pluralistic and socially fragmented Member States (MS), certain elements and processes influencing the promulgation of the political will on all legislative governmental echelons are present in the context of governance in the European Union as well.The hypothesis of this paper consists of the following notions:Due to the 'sui generis'-character the EU,1 employing decisions by consensus even on intergovernmental as well as on supranational level is most effective politics possible.Applying concepts of governance to the Commission¿s competences, institutional framework and formal as well as , if perceptible, informal decision-making procedures and customs, will show that although the Commission matches no distinct concept currently present in academia, it very well fulfils basic requirements of 'good¿ governance.Even as the supra-national institution per se, the Commission acts according to these notions.
Scientific Study from the year 2005 in the subject Pedagogy - Job Education, Occupational Training, Further Education, University of Flensburg (biat (Berufsbildungsinstitut Arbeit und Technik)), language: English, abstract: The project 'Re-Integration - Transnational evaluation of social and professional re-integration programmes of young people' was funded by the European Commission through the programme 'Leonardo da Vinci II', Reference Material strand, and lasted from the year 2001 till 2004. It dealt with a severe difficulty to be realised in all European countries. Youth unemployment is unbearably high and the transition from school to work is often hampered by strong obstacles that are due to restricted opportunities in the labour market and not well installed systems of vocational education and training. These problems are exacerbated for young people who are at disadvantage with respect to personal, social and/or educational features and who have therefore often difficulties in coping with the personal, social and also educational challenges during childhood and adolescence, resulting in problems with maintaining stable social relations and also low achievement in school. Therefore in all European countries, although to a varying extent, measures have been put into place to re-integrate these young people into the mainstream: schemes for re-integration. However, the success of these measures is usually low which is of course mainly due to the unfavourable general conditions. Still the challenge remains to also improve the quality of these programmes, through evaluation which is aiming not only at selecting examples of good practice, but even more at supporting the respective institutions in further developing their schemes. The final scientific report gives an overview on the course of the project and on its central results.
Seminar paper from the year 2000 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,0, University of Flensburg (Englisches Seminar), course: Literature, Culture and Politics in Modern Ireland , 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Opening remark Dubliners is a study on human behaviour, human values and communication. The book describes and brings to life the city of Dublin, the hometown of James Joyce, at the beginning of the twentieth century. The collection is a mix of social realism and literary imagination. Each of the 15 stories is set against a background of real names, streets, shops, pubs and icons. It also comes alive through the biographical references to Joyce's life. That is the reason why I decided to place the biography of James Joyce before my analysis in this paper. I chose the story The Dead because it seems to stand out of the short- story collection Dubliners. The Dead had not been composed when Joyce divulged that the course of the collection must be seen under the loose- knit general plan of a human lifecycle: childhood, adolescence, maturity and public life. The story also stands out of the collection because of the story's length, tone and positioning in the book. It was the last story he wrote for Dubliners in 1906/ 07, when he had already left Ireland. Before that, it was obvious that Joyce was very sceptical of the Irish Renaissance and the Irish literary revival, although the revival¿s outstanding poet, W. B. Yeats, influenced Joyce's writing in the first years. He felt Ireland's future lays within the European intellectual and cultural community. Joyce became increasingly impatient with Ireland's parochialism and turned toward Europe, he and his wife Nora moved to the Continent. Now a change of attitude towards Ireland and Dublin, manifested in the story The Dead, can be observed. He wrote his brother Stanislaus in a letter the whole collection of Dubliners would be incomplete without this new feelings toward his hometown. The author's view is not only desperate and without prospect, 'it has softened' [Joyce, 1991; p. 47]. The stories in Dubliners can be read on two levels. [...]
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,3, University of Flensburg (International Institute for Management), course: External Relations of the European Union, language: English, abstract: In this paper the guiding questions were the following: What Is the EU concept of democracy? Can this supposedly universal norm be promoted by and with the EU external governance scheme? What means are in stock? What has been used? What is used? What are the results? What can be, what has to be changed? A working definition of democracy is the scale of success which can be applied to the objectives and means in the European Union's 'foreign policy'. The strategies are depicted as well as the level of ambition in democracy promotion of the European Union. The means to realize this ambition are be shown in comparison to the the successes or failures in application. The conflict of priorities in the European Union concerning external relations of the last thirty years is depicted against the backcloth of the normative set of standards drawn from the treaty.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: A, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The European Community from its establishment attempted to enhance the economic integration and also to complete it with a political one. In European Union, as we know today, there are plenty of institutions and organs that serve this aim. Common Market-and its part of Internal Market- is the main tasks of European Union and the four fundamental freedoms of goods, persons, services and capital are to be ensured and encouraged within the European area. From the creation of European Community the removal of tariff barriers was essential for further integration, which easily came into force, by establishing Customs Union. The European Union in order to enhance the trade between the Member States and also to promote deeper integration adopted the harmonization policy, which simply means the approximation of all national laws that implies and confirms the supranational character that EU has (at least in some areas). Although, the harmonization policy is more secure for a supranational body, as EU is, has also disadvantages that mostly came into light from the practical experience. The New Approach Directives and the principle of Mutual recognition were adopted by the EU not only due to the weaknesses of the harmonization policy but more to eliminate these weaknesses. Following there is an attempt to examine the Old in comparison with New Approach and particularly to observe the Mutual Recognition principle and the new regulations that are being into force.