Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Führung und Personal - Sonstiges, Note: 2,0, Europa-Universität Flensburg (ehem. Universität Flensburg), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Mexikos wichtigster Handelspartner in der Europäischen Union ist die Bundesrepublik Deutschland (vgl. Auswärtiges Amt, 2015). Demnach gewinnt der interkulturelle Kontakt zwischen Personen beider Länder im geschäftlichen und privaten Alltag stetig an Bedeutung. Das Aufeinandertreffen der deutschen und mexikanischen Kultur verläuft jedoch nicht immer problemlos. Deutsche in Mexiko müssen sich kulturellen Unterschieden und Herausforderungen stellen. So heißt die mexikanische Floskel mañana nicht zwingend morgen, sondern weißt oftmals auf einen unbestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft hin. Eine persönliche Beziehung zwischen Geschäftspartnern und Kollegen bildet die Grundlage für eine erfolgreiche Zusammenarbeit. Während die Deutschen oft vorausschauend planen, leben die Mexikaner im Hier und Jetzt. Die Einhaltung von Zeitplänen spielt für mexikanische Kollegen oftmals eine untergeordnete Rolle, dagegen hat die Interaktion mit nahestehenden Personen eine hohe Priorität.Die folgende Arbeit stellt die kulturellen Herausforderungen deutscher Expatriates im mexikanischen (Geschäfts-) Alltag in das Zentrum der Betrachtung und spricht Empfehlungen für den Umgang mit den Besonderheiten dieser lateinamerikanischen Kultur aus.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,7, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: After the eastern enlargement of the European Union in May 2004 it became clear that the Union can not continue to function under the existing treaties and had to be reformed. The Treaty of Nice that came to force in February 2003 was supposed to reorganize the institutional structure of the EU but the reform was not sufficient. When the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TeCE) was signed in October 2004 it was not very well accepted by some of the Member States and became a subject of criticism mainly for its constitutional character. Objections were raised that this Treaty would transform the EU into some kind of a 'superstate', which originated a discussion among the political discourse about the sovereignty of the Member States; the Treaty was then rejected in Netherlands and France. At the end of December 2007, after many months of comprehensive bargaining and discussions the Lisbon Treaty (the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), was signed in Portugal during the German presidency. This document is basically modified version of TeCE where the criticized points were either removed or adjusted to its objections. The Treaty came into force in 1 December 2009 following the ratification process in all the 27 Member States. This paper aims to provide a clear account on the changes that comes along with the Lisbon Treaty being in force. Even though the modifications do not have so far-reaching consequences as was previously planned within its unsuccessful predecessor, the European Constitution, the impacts are still substantive and deserve our attention and comprehensible demonstration. Hence the first part of the paper is dedicated to the account of the modifications brought in by the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, mainly on how are these changes going to modify the institutional settings and some policies. A short report is given on the process of ratification of the Treaty in the EU Member States to summarize the historical implications accompanying the long journey of the Treaty before entering into force finally in December 2009, two years after its signature. The last part of the paper is devoted to the ratification process in the Czech Republic. The position of the Czech President and the extensive process of ratification in this small country in the heard of Europe filled the headlines of worldwide media over the last few months therefore the analysis of this particular ratification is in my opinion valuable.
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 2.0, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The Eastern enlargement of the European Union in 2004 alongside the accession in 2007 of Bulgaria and Romania into the European Union has paved way for a historical shift of the Union , emergence of new borders, and emergence of new relations and policies towards new neighbours. Despite the fact that the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) might be considered as a foreign policy instrument, what seems unknown and less considered is the cost of relationship, intent of the European Union (EU) in relations with new members, interest of both sides, security and stability alongside economic and democratic space. The ENP consolidates the opinion that the limits of Europe is increasingly evasive; the thesis therefore aims at considering or analyzing the EU relations in the view of its implications stemming from the ENP policy toward Ukraine as a member of the ENP.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: A, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: European Union consists of a unique integration model not only due to the long term and ongoing process but also because of the Institutions and regulations under 27 Member States, which attempt to comprise and mostly to harmonize the national laws. Especially after Maastricht Treaty, when the supranational building of the EU was introduced plenty of reforms had introduced in order to increase from the one hand the effectiveness of the complicated and bureaucratic body of EU and from the other hand to control the way that European Union and the individual Member States function in a more effective and productive way. After the adoption of a single currency- the Euro- for sixteen of the Members of the EU in parallel of the important enlargement the structural body of the EU became even more complicated that needed the consistent control whether structural reforms had to be introduced in order the effective function of the EU was to be assured. Under these circumstances, the financial sector is of the greatest importance within the EU as it is -so far- the basement of the integration model and consists of the guardian of deepening integration within the EU. Therefore, the supervision and the reforms in financial services within EU has increased dramatically from 1993, after the Maastricht Treaty and the introduction of supranationality, through 2004-with the great Eastern enlargement and finally until now that the current financial crisis consisted a shock for EU, that attempted to implement new measures and to establish institutional changes in order to supervise the financial sector effectively in a long term.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, University of Flensburg, course: Course 'European Governance', language: English, abstract: The concepts of governance have the advantage of including the informal aspect of decision-making into their scope of analysis. The intention of this paper is the application of a fitting conceptual derivative of governance on the decision making process inside the institutional framework of the Commission of the European Union. The notion to be tested is the one of the Commission being by its institutional heritage inclined to promulgation of consensus among its principal actors, the members of the college of Commissioners. So what kind of governance might be characteristic for the Commission?The political setting is that of the European Union, which is on the one hand an intergovernmental organization of member states on equal terms, but on the other hand a political institution. Apart from partly being established on a supra-national echelon, which is rationally designed and controlled for the purpose action and intervention to foster economic prosperity and integration in accordance with the concepts of functional and rational-choice institutionalism characteristic for social and political institutions of modernity. As the EU is itself an extension of the mostly politically pluralistic and socially fragmented Member States (MS), certain elements and processes influencing the promulgation of the political will on all legislative governmental echelons are present in the context of governance in the European Union as well.The hypothesis of this paper consists of the following notions:Due to the 'sui generis'-character the EU,1 employing decisions by consensus even on intergovernmental as well as on supranational level is most effective politics possible.Applying concepts of governance to the Commission¿s competences, institutional framework and formal as well as , if perceptible, informal decision-making procedures and customs, will show that although the Commission matches no distinct concept currently present in academia, it very well fulfils basic requirements of 'good¿ governance.Even as the supra-national institution per se, the Commission acts according to these notions.
'Europa am Scheideweg' diskutiert die gegenwärtigen Herausforderungen der Europäischen Union. Der Band basiert auf einer internationalen Konferenz an der Europa-Universität Flensburg. Beiträge aus der Soziologie, Ökonomie, Philosophie und Jurisprudenz loten darin aus, wie mit der andauernden Krise vor allem im Euroraum umgegangen werden kann. Dabei werden nicht nur unterschiedliche thematische und disziplinäre Zugänge deutlich, sondern auch eine grosse Bandbreite an Einschätzungen und der Skizzierung möglicher Wege. Vor dem Hintergrund krisenhafter Entwicklungen sowohl im wirtschaftlichen, sozialen wie politischem Raum auf der einen Seite als auch einer nach wie vor bemerkenswerten Stabilität und Flexibilität andererseits will der Band dazu beitragen, die aktuelle vielfacettige Situation in Europa besser einschätzen zu können. In englischer Sprache. Mit Beiträgen von: Hauke Brunkhorst Michelle Everson Charlotte Gaitanides Gerd Grözinger Arne Heise Kurt Hübner Mikael Rask Madsen Kolja Möller Axel Mueller Jan Hauke Plassmann
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,3, University of Flensburg (International Institute for Management), course: External Relations of the European Union, language: English, abstract: In this paper the guiding questions were the following: What Is the EU concept of democracy? Can this supposedly universal norm be promoted by and with the EU external governance scheme? What means are in stock? What has been used? What is used? What are the results? What can be, what has to be changed? A working definition of democracy is the scale of success which can be applied to the objectives and means in the European Union's 'foreign policy'. The strategies are depicted as well as the level of ambition in democracy promotion of the European Union. The means to realize this ambition are be shown in comparison to the the successes or failures in application. The conflict of priorities in the European Union concerning external relations of the last thirty years is depicted against the backcloth of the normative set of standards drawn from the treaty.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: A, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The European Community from its establishment attempted to enhance the economic integration and also to complete it with a political one. In European Union, as we know today, there are plenty of institutions and organs that serve this aim. Common Market-and its part of Internal Market- is the main tasks of European Union and the four fundamental freedoms of goods, persons, services and capital are to be ensured and encouraged within the European area. From the creation of European Community the removal of tariff barriers was essential for further integration, which easily came into force, by establishing Customs Union. The European Union in order to enhance the trade between the Member States and also to promote deeper integration adopted the harmonization policy, which simply means the approximation of all national laws that implies and confirms the supranational character that EU has (at least in some areas). Although, the harmonization policy is more secure for a supranational body, as EU is, has also disadvantages that mostly came into light from the practical experience. The New Approach Directives and the principle of Mutual recognition were adopted by the EU not only due to the weaknesses of the harmonization policy but more to eliminate these weaknesses. Following there is an attempt to examine the Old in comparison with New Approach and particularly to observe the Mutual Recognition principle and the new regulations that are being into force.
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: South East Europe, Balkans, grade: A, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The Treaty of Moundros, which was signed on 30th of October in 1918, formed the starting point of the end of the First World War. The defeated Central Powers, which were consisted by Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria had to accept the stipulations laid down by Entete Powers consisted by France, United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, United States and Greece, which entered the war in 1916 under the leading of Entete-friend Eleftherios Venizelos. One of the treaties signed after the war was the Treaty of Sevres on 10th of August in1920, which was indisputably concerned as a victory of Greek diplomacy and Venizelos¿ policies. According to Sevres Treaty East Thrace (until the borders of Constantinople) and the islands Imbros (Gökçeada) and Tenedos (Bozcaada) were ceded to Greece while at the area of Smyrna Greece had the ability of administration and the people after five years could decide- via referendum- their union with Greece or not.